The latest studies published by the HSUS on feral cats confirmed that the best thing you can do to protect your cats from dangerous diseases is to keep them inside our homes.
Reduce potential fights with other cats reduces the spread of disease through injuries and wounds. In that way you can also control hold off infection by parasites, including fleas and ticks, as poisonings.
Both cats as home and street can get diseases, and many of the diseases can be prevented. But remember that once the cat became ill, treatment can be very difficult.
Feline Anger: The great danger of this disease is that it can be passed to humans, but the cat is spread by bites usually caused by wildlife. There is no treatment or cure. Prevention is the vaccine and prevent contact with potentially infected animals. It is a debilitating, degenerative disease that attacks the nervous system. It stays in the cat for 2-5 weeks. Symptoms include poor coordination, conjunctivitis, plaintive meow, drooling, fever, unusual behavior, depression and weight loss.
Pan leukopenia (feline distemper): Virus highly contagious among cats, puppies being those at risk, and almost always die (still under treatment). It is so aggressive that can kill your cat in one day. Prevention is vaccination and prevents contact with animals or unvaccinated street. It is spread through bodily fluids, feces, fleas, but also in water, food, litter trays and clothes that might be contaminated. Affects the intestinal tract and attacks the immune system, then it can be diagnosed by fecal and blood analysis. Symptoms: diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, malnutrition and anemia, and depression, loss of appetite, lethargy and self-mutilation tail and hind legs.
Deficiency / Failure Renal: renal disease mainly attacks the older cats. Some of the causes include: age, genetics, and environmental factors, such as toxic substances. It may be acute (punctual, sudden failure of kidney function) or chronic (progressive deterioration of renal function). Symptoms may be several: excessive urination, increased thirst, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, and constipation, loss of appetite / weight, halitosis (smell of ammonia) and lethargy. The veterinary diagnosis is made in urine and blood tests. Although there is no cure for this disease, is treatable through changes in diet, medication and therapy of hydration or serum.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (Feline AIDS): contrary to human AIDS, the transmission factor is through bite wounds, being more susceptible territorial cats (to defend their territory). Also vox-populi contrary to, sharing food and water containers is not a risky environment. An infected mother can pass the disease to their children, but it rarely occurs. The virus is in the blood, but can be inactive for a long time. Is lethal if activated as it destroys the immune system, increasing the risk of: lymph nodes, tongue ulcers, inflamed gums, progressive weight loss, impaired fur, skin diseases, diarrhea, anemia, eye diseases and cancer.
Feline Leukemia Virus: A disease that is spread through urine or saliva. Also by bites, sharing food and water containers, or living in the same environment. Young cats are more prone to disease than adults. The disease can manifest itself immediately or may take several weeks. Almost any chronic illness can be a symptom of leukemia as general infections / skin / respiratory, diarrhea, eye diseases, liver, anemia and cancer. There is no cure, but can be easily prevented by restricting exposure to other cats, keeping the environment clean and vaccinating the cat.
Taking your cat for regular checkups is a must to make sure that you are avoiding all of these issues and ensuring their long term health. Just like you need to go to the doctor, it is critical that you take your pets in as well to make sure that they are well on a regular basis. That means that you will need to remember that your pets are important members of your family as well. One thing you must realize is that if your cats come into contact with strays or others, they need to be kept away from the other cats which will make them sick. That means that you always need to be vigilant to ensure that you are able to stay ahead of the curve and protect your furry little friends for the long term. Having a cat means that you take all of the responsibilities as well as the doctor’s visits each time that you take him or her to the vet. Your furry friend will be one of your biggest supporters.